Gabion Fence Installation

Below you will find a step by step guide on gabion fence installation. 


Step 1) Measure Area & Plan


  • Begin by measuring your space: how long it is, how much space you have from front to back, and how high you want your diy gabion fence to be.
  • This will help you figure out how many baskets you’ll need. 
  • Also, remember to calculate how much stone you’ll need.


Step 2) Plan for Second Layer


  • For a taller fence than 1m, think about adding another layer of baskets in your plan.


Step 3) Mark the Location


  • Mark the fence line with a string and pegs, allowing an extra 10 cm on each side for better alignment and stability. 
  • The string will ensure everything is straight.


Step 4) Prep the Foundation


  • Use a shovel to dig a solid base, then level the ground and fill any gaps. 
  • Ensuring the base is level is crucial for stability.


Step 5) Mark Support Post Location


  • Remove the lid panels from the baskets and use them to mark the position of the support posts.
  • Plan to place each post inside the basket, fitting them through a mesh hole, and space them about 1 meter apart.


Step 6) Add Supports


  • Dig the posts to a depth of about one-third of the height of the gabion fencing. 
  • Secure the support posts using concrete. 
  • Note: Make sure the posts are sized to fit inside a mesh hole – otherwise, you’ll need to cut the wires to accommodate them.


Step 7) Check Support Post Location


  • Verify the post locations using the same lid panels while the concrete sets. 
  • Adjust them as needed to ensure they are in the correct positions.
  • Use a spirit level to make sure the posts are straight.


Step 8) Add Basecourse


  • Add a layer of Type 1 gravel:

    • For a 1m high fence, use 10cm of basecourse.
    • For a 2m high fence, use 20cm of basecourse.
    • For a 3m high fence or taller, use 30cm of basecourse.


Step 9) Compact Basecourse


  • Compact the basecourse thoroughly for stability using either a plate compactor or a spade.
  • Then, use a spirit level to check and adjust for straightness.


Step 10) Add Geotextile


  • To prevent soil erosion and enable drainage, line the bottom of the structure with geotextile fabric. 
  • Cut holes in the fabric for the posts, then position it properly over the basecourse.


Step 11) Pre-Assemble Baskets without Lids


  • Fold up and secure the vertical corners of each gabion with two cable ties: one at the top and one at the bottom of each corner.


Step 12) Position Around Support Posts


  • While positioning the baskets, thread the support posts through the mesh holes in the pre-determined spots.
  • Ensure the adjoining corners are pushed as close together as possible.


Step 13) Attach Baskets Together


  • To prevent any movement, secure the adjoining corners of the baskets with a helical. 
  • One helical should connect the corners of two adjoining gabions.


Step 14) Cut Off Excess


  • Trim any excess length of helical where necessary. 
  • Use pliers to pinch each end to secure it and prevent it from slipping out.


Step 15) Fill with Stone


  • Fill each basket with the calculated amount of stones.


Step 16) Attach Lid


  • Close the lids by using tying wire both in the front and back.
  • Ensure they sit comfortably on the stones and there are no gaps.


Step 17) Add Second Layer


  • For a taller structure, place the new layer on top of the first layer of stone-filled gabion baskets, connecting the bottom and top of the two baskets. 
  • Then, fill the second layer of baskets with stones and secure the lids.


Step 18) Hybrid Gabion Fence Installation Structures


  • You can combine a column with a short wall or use timber elements in between them. 
  • This provides many options for creating unique structures, such as walls, garden corners, or barriers.



  • It’s advisable to opt for 4mm or 5mm baskets over the 3mm ones to prevent bulging, thus ensuring structural stability and strength.
  • Depth is usually small, so supporting posts are needed to ensure maximum stability and also reduce the risk of collapse. 
  • You can play with the shape of your structure & create a unique gabion fence installation design by adding different elements like columns or timbering.
  • You can calculate how much stone you’ll need using our stone calculator.





Published by

Timi K

Timi K. is an illustrator and a genuine animal lover, and she couldn't hide it if she tried: she likes to offer fencing solutions especially for animal and pet related issues.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *